Shivneri Fort – Rise of a Maratha Empire | Maharashtra | 2021
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      The golden moment in history is the Shivneri fort where Shivaba was born. Shivneri is located in the city of Junnar in the Pune district of Maharashtra. The height of the fort is about 3500 feet. The Government of India inaugurated this fort on 26th May. Declared as a National Protected Monument in Maharashtra in 1909. This fort is in very good condition as compared to other forts. There doesn’t seem to be much of a fall here. The government has also tried to maintain the fort as much as possible.

Height – 3500 Feet                                        

Difficulty –  Easy                                 

Dist –  Pune 

shivneri fort

      There is a steep climb on all four sides of this fort. So this fort was the most difficult fort to conquer in history. The expansion of the fort is not very grand but the fort was very important in history due to its fortified walls. Shivneri is on the trade route to Naneghat. At that time there was a lot of trade through Naneghat. Therefore, Shivneri forts were established by the rulers of that time to guard this route. Later, during 1170, this durg was given the appearance of a fort. This fort is of special importance as Junnar is adjacent to the village and Junnar is a large market on the Naneghat road.

    The shape of the fort is also very special, i.e. it is similar to the Pindi of Lord Shiva. There is a famous temple of Goddess Shivai on the fort. This Shivai Devi was vowed by Jijamata while she was pregnant. If it becomes a son, I will give it your name. According to this vow, she named his heroic son Shivaji.

shivneri birthplace of shivaji maharaj

Overview – 

    Shivneri is located in the city of Junnar. Shivneri was seen in Junnar. So there is always a crowd of tourists. Nowadays, a paved road has been constructed to reach the steps of the fort, making it very easy to reach the fort. If you have your own vehicle, you can go to the fort this way. If you walk on foot, you can reach the steep wall of the fort. The fort can be reached with the help of chains and steps dug in the rock. This wait is a bit difficult. But this way the fort can be reached quickly.

shivneri route

Shivneri fort History – 

      Shivneri fort was founded by Satavahana king Gautamiputra Satkarni. After the Satavahana dynasty, Shivneri was under the control of the Yadavas from 1170 to 1308 and during this period Shivneri got the appearance of a fort. In 1443, Malik-ul-Tujar defeated the local Koli chiefs who were in service during the Yadava period and conquered the fort. The Nizamshahi was established after the death of Malik Mohammad’s father.

     After this In 1595, the fort and the province of Junnar came under the rule of Maloji Raje Bhosale. After the assassination of Jijabai’s father Jadhavrao in 1629, while Jijamata was pregnant, she was placed on the fort. Veer Shivaji Maharaj was born on Shivneri in 1930. In 1632, Jijabai left the fort with Shivaji Maharaj and in 1637 the fort fell to the Mughals. After this, the fort was under the control of the Mughals for many years. Despite many attempts, no dynasty was able to conquer the fort. Later in 1716, Shahumaharaja brought the fort under Marathi rule, and later it was handed over to the Peshwas. During the Peshwa period, Shivneri was used for prisoners.

shivaji birthplace

What to see in Shivneri Fort – 

      Tourists visiting the fort are delighted to see the cleanliness of the area maintained by the forest department. Especially the garden on the fort is the centre of attraction for everyone. Electricity supply and water have also been provided to the fort.

Shivai Devi Temple – 

       On the way to the fort through the seven gates, after passing through the shipai gate, there is a temple of ‘Shivai Devi’ on the right side. There is an idol of Goddess Shivai in the temple. There are many caves in the backyard of the temple area. The temple of the Goddess, which stands at the foot of the fort, has been renovated and the temple premises have been beautified.

shivai devi temple

Amberkhana – 

      After entering the fort through the last Kulabkar gate, there is an amberkhana in front. At the time when the fort was inhabited, this ambarkhana was used for storing grain. In today’s situation, Amber Khana has suffered a major setback.

Koli Chauthara – 

      There are two ways to go from Amberkhana to the fort. One of the paths leads to the Tekada in front. There is a chauthara on this tekada. After the fall of the Nizamshahis, the Adilshahis and the Mughals were neglecting their frontiers. Taking advantage of this, Mahadev Koli tried to establish authority over the province. At that time, the Mughals attacked Mahadev Koli and laid siege to Shivneri. Therefore, the new army of Mahadev Koli surrendered to the mighty Mughal army. Mahadev Koli soldiers were severely beaten by the Mughal army. Mahadev Koli soldier was beheaded on the fourth floor at the top of the fort. Today, the Chauthara is called Koli Chauthara to commemorate this genocide. In time, a dome was built on the chauthara, and two Persian inscriptions were inscribed on it.

chauthara on shivneri fort

Shivkunj –

     The second route from Amberkhana to the fort leads to Shivkunja. There are several water tanks along the way. It also has Ganga Jamuna tanks. The Shivkunj, built on the initiative of the Government of Maharashtra, has a five-metal statue of Bal Shivaji standing next to Jijau. There is an arched mosque near Shivkunja. Below that is a water tank. If you walk past Kamani Masjid, there is a hamamkhana. After walking north from there, there is a building of Shiva’s birthplace.


Shivjanmsthal – 

     The stone building of the birthplace of Shivaji Maharaj is two-floored. and in the lower room of the building is the birthplace of Shivaba. There is an idol of Shivaji Maharaj. The second floor of the building also has stone walls. From here one can see Junnar village and its surroundings. Also, the Jeevdhan area can be seen from the fort.


Badami Take –

      On the way from Shivaji’s birthplace to Kadelot’s end, there is a round-shaped ‘Badami Tak’ of water. The entire perimeter of the Badami tank is of stone construction, and the bottom is also stone. The road leading from Badami Tank leads to Kadelot’s end.

badami take shivneri

Kadelot Tok – 

    To the north of Shivneri fort is Kadelot Tok. Kadelot was used to punish criminals. From the Kadelot end, the Lenyadri area seems to be very close.

     The history of the bravery of Shivaji Maharaj, the founder of Swarajya, is connected with the valleys and hills of Maharashtra. Gadkot forts, which bear witness to the history of these mountain ranges, are still standing before us today. History was born on these forts and with the help of these forts, Shivaraya established Swarajya. Therefore, all Shiva lovers must visit Shivneri and experience the proximity of the fort.

what to see on shivneri

Where is Shivneri Fort Located? –

      Shivneri Fort is located in Pune District of Maharashtra State, India. It stands in Junnar Town. 

Nearest Cities – Junnar 3 Km, Pune 100 Km, Mumbai 160 Km.

How to Reach Shivneri Fort –

Mumbai-Malshej Route – On the way to Junnar, after crossing Malshej Ghat, at 8 to 9 km, there is a sign saying ‘Shivneri 19 km’. This route goes from Ganesh Khindi to Shivneri fort. It takes one day from Mumbai to reach the fort by this route.

Pune-Narayangaon Route – About 75 km from Pune to Narayangaon. At a distance of 15 km via Pune-Nashik and then via Narayangaon-Junnar.

shivjanmasthal shivneri fort

Food & Accommodation –

     Meals have to be arranged on the way to the fort as there is no dining facility on the fort. There are a few small shops on the steps leading to the fort where drinking water is available.

    The pot at the back of Shiv Kunja on the fort can accommodate 10 to 12 people.

top view from shivneri

Some Useful tips before you visit Shivneri Fort – 

1) Do not litter on the fort.

2) Smoking cigarettes and drinking alcohol are strictly prohibited.

3) Carry water bottles and some healthy non-perishable snacks.

4) last but not least Carry your identity proof.

shivneri fort images

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